When working on artictulation, follow these steps:
1. Isolation: Can your child produce their target sound by itself? You can ask your child what their lips, tongue and voice are doing. This is the first step in teaching a new target speech sound.
2. Words: Can your child produce their target sound in the initial, medial, and final position of words correctly? As a parent, you can work on phonological awareness at this level, too. Write the word on paper or on a whiteboard and ask your child where their target sound is in the word. Is it at the beginning, middle, or end of the word? Underline or highlight the target sound. Then practice the target word.
3. Phrase: Can your child use a target word in a phrase that is 2-5 words in length correctly? This is a great step to introduce adjectives to describe the target word.
4. Sentence: Can your child make a sentence using the target word that is +6 words in length correctly?
5. Reading: Can your child use their target sounds when reading correctly? Bring some phonological awareness to this level! Have your child underline or highlight their target speech sound in words. This leads to greater generlization which is the end goal for speech!
5. Conversation: Your child should be able to say their target sound during conversation with you and others. This step works on generalization/carry over of their target speech sound.