•                                           The Expanded Core Curriculum
    The Expanded Core Curriculum for Students with Visual Impairments (ECC) consists of nine skill areas
    that must be assessed and taught specifically for children with visual impairments, above and beyond
    the Standard Core Curriculum (reading, writing, P.E., math, sciences, etc.) for all children. Research
    shows that these skill areas can become deficits in children with visual impairments unless
    specifically taught these skills, adaptive strategies, and given the appropriate environment and
    adaptations to ensure success from birth through the transition to life beyond school.
    Expanded Core Curriculum Topics:
  • Assistive Technology
  • Career & Vocational Education
  • Compensatory Skills and Communication/Reading Modes
  • Independent Living Skills & Personal Management
  • Orientation and Mobility Skills
  • Recreation and Leisure Skills
  • Self Determination
  • Social Skills
  • Visual Efficiency Skills



    Compensatory Academic Skills,  and Communication Modes: 

     Skills involved in adapting the core curriculum, including: Reading and writing Braille, Tactile symbols, Audio books, etc. 

     Teenager reading braille on the Helen Keller statue.

    Teenager reading braille at the base of the statue of Helen Keller. 

    Independent Living Skills:  

    Specialized skills in all areas of daily life: food preparation, money management, household chores, personal care, etc. 
    Photograph of a boy showing off a pair of shorts he sewed in Home Economics class.

     This middle school student shows off shorts created in his Home Economics sewing class.


     Recreation and Leisure Skills:

    Teaching skills in physical activities, games, and leisure activities.A runner who is blind and her running guide pass through the Finish gate.
     Elementary Cross Country Runner with High School Running Guide.

    Career Education:

     Specialized skills are taught for successful work and workplace success. Exposure to leaderships skills, career opportunities, and volunteer opportunities begin at very early ages. 

    D.C. trip with Congressman Don Young  

    Student visiting Congressman Don Young in Washington, D.C. 


     Assistive Technology:  

     Includes skills in using and learning from different forms of technology: audio books, talking computer software, braille notetaker computers, video magnifiers, etc. 

    Sensory Efficiency Skills:  

     Teaching students skills to use all of your senses to the greatest capacity, including any remaining vision, use of magnifiers, etc.




     Social Interaction Skills:

     Learning alternatives to the visual observations involved in appropriate social interactions: gestures, body language, etc.

    Group of staff with skiers with visual impairments at the ski lodge.  
    Ski trip for students and staff with the Program for the Visually Impaired. 

     Orientation and Mobility:

     Keeping oriented to the environment, and traveling safely indoors and outdoors. This includes crossing streets with a cane, traveling on public transportation, etc.

     Photo of people using their canes on a sidewalk.

    On the move with long white canes. 




     Skills to enable students to advocate for themselves effectively, and meet their own needs independently.